10 of the Rarest Animals on Earth Photographed

Thought you would never get to see some of the rarest and most elusive animals on this planet? Think again, because National Geographic has collected photographs of ten of them, giving us an extraordinary chance to see some very uncommon animals up close. The “Stunning Pictures: Ten of the Rarest Animals on Earth” series is part of National Geographics’ Last of the Last: Saving Earth’s rarest species campaign, where articles on rare, endangered and nearly extinct animals are featured. See the pictures of the ten rarest creatures and read accompanying facts about them, here:

Amur Leopard

amur leopard
Found in the Primorye region of Russia, Amur leopards are an extremely rare subspecies of leopards, critically endangered with only 14-20 adults and 5-6 cubs remaining. This Amur leopard is named Usi and lives in Nebraska’s Omaha Zoo.

Sumatran Rhinoceros

sumatran rhino
The Sumatran rhinoceros is also critically endangered, with around 275 individuals remaining, due to poachers seeking the species’ horn. This Sumatran rhino is Harapan, a four years old at Florida’s White Oak Conservation Center.

Western Lowland Gorilla

western lowland gorilla
In Africa, western lowland gorilla populations are declining steadily and quickly. This is because of commercial huntings, as well as Ebola virus outbreaks. This photographed western lowland gorilla is a six-week-old female at the Cincinnati Zoo.

Mountain Pygmy Possum

mountain pygmy possum
The mountain pygmy possum is the only Australian mammal to live in alpine environments. Unfortunately, the population is decreasing due to the destruction and fragmentation of its habitat for construction and ski resorts.

Philippine Crocodile

philippine crocodile
The Philippine crocodile is being threatened by hunting, dangerous fishing methods and loss of habitat to cultivate rice. The crocodile in the photograph is small for its species, as males can grow to 10 feet.

Sumatran Orangutan

sumatran orangutan
Sumatran orangutans are tree-dwellers, which poses a problem for the apes as destruction of Sumatra’s forest continues. In the past 75 years, the population has plummeted by 80% with estimates of 7,300 left in the wild. This Sumatran orangutan is at the Gladys Porter Zoo in Brownsville, Texas.

Northern Bald Ibis

northern bald ibis
The northern bald ibis resides in the Syrian desert near Palymra, where it was rediscovered in 2002 after suspected to be extinct. Hunting and habitat destruction are the main causes of this species’ population decline. The northern bald ibis photographed above resides at the Houston Zoo.

Black-Eyed Tree Frog

black-eyed tree frog
The black-eyed tree frog, native to Mexico and parts of South America, is threatened by destruction of its habitat and the infectious disease chytrid fungus. Scientists expect the species to diminish by more than 80% over the next decade. This black-eye tree frog can be found at the National Aquarium in Baltimore.

Lord Howe Island Stick Insect

lord howe island stick insect
Located between Australia and New Zealand, Lord Howe Island houses these insects, which were thought to be extinct in 1920. Members of the species were rediscovered in 2001, 15 miles from the island. This particular stick insect lives at the Melbourne Zoo.

White Antelope

white antelope
The white antelope is critically endangered with an estimated population of 300 found only in Niger, Africa. The species is in decline because of hunting, drought, and even tourism. This white antelope, also known as an addax, lives at the Gladys Porter Zoo with the Sumatran orangutan in Brownsville, Texas.

Photographs by National Geographic photographer Joel Sartore.

Mikaela Rakos

By Mikaela Rakos

Mikaela is both a writer and content curator for Dashburst, looking to discover and share the latest news, art, entertainment and more. When not tracking down new content to share with the world, you can find Mikaela spending quality time with her rescue dog.